Politics 03-12-2018

195 years of the Monroe Doctrine: where are we and where are we going

This December 2 marks the 195th anniversary of the Monroe Doctrine. Summarized in the phrase "America for the Americans," this amendment marked the beginning of US policy that tried to make the continent its 'backyard'. What was this doctrine and how will it be implemented with Trump? Sputnik searched for the answer.

For almost two centuries, since the warning of President James Monroe to the European powers, the United States has done everything possible to make the Western Hemisphere an exclusive zone of influence for the United States. Its heyday came during the Cold War, when the 'bastion of democracy' even came to support and succor dictatorial regimes on the continent just to maintain the control it saw escape from their hands.

After the 9/11 attacks, US attention was diverted to other regions of the world, which loosened the reins they held in Latin America and gave the leftist movements the opportunity to raise their heads.

"During the presidency of [US] Barack Obama, the Monroe Doctrine was basically abolished as one of the main guides of US foreign policy," said the principal investigator of the Russian Center for Political Studies, Dr. Vladimir Súdarev.

However, in the words of the expert, it is "absolutely clear that Trump has returned his eyes to Latin America during the last year". Súdarev said that the current US president has been looking for partners in the region and "you can already visualize a geopolitical circle that includes Argentina, Chile and now, with Bolsonaro, the South American giant Brazil."

On the other hand, Súdarev stressed that this trend is due rather to the turn that the continent experienced to the right than to Trump's own initiative. More than that, the North American leader only manages to cause discontent among ordinary Latin Americans, when he speaks about the affairs of the hemisphere. It is the case not only of Mexico, but also of Venezuela, a country that he even put in his sights to invade, provoking the rejection even of his closest allies.

"The US continues to have in its hands all the potential to fight systems that do not like them, such as Venezuela, Cuba or Nicaragua, but they will do it especially on the economic front," he concluded.


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