23.3% of the population over 18 years of age in Mexico considers that in the last five years they have been unjustifiably denied any right, indicates the first National Survey on Discrimination, reported the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI).
"23.3% of the population aged 18 and over indicated that in the last five years they were unjustifiably denied any of the rights for which they were investigated," says the report of the autonomous body of the State.
The denied rights that had greater mention were the support of social programs, medical attention or medicines.
"For the first time, INEGI gathered information and publicized the results of the National Survey on Discrimination, which allows recognizing the prevalence of discrimination and its various manifestations," the agency said in a report on the results of the study.
The study collects the attitudes, prejudices and opinions of the population "towards different groups of the population that are discriminated for reasons: ethnic, disability, religious beliefs, age, sex, skin tone, sexual orientation", among others.
The situation of discrimination mostly declared was: "they have insulted him, mocked him or said things that bothered him".
The reasons that stand out are mainly dress or personal grooming, weight or height, religious beliefs and age.
20.2% of the people surveyed declared "having been discriminated in the last year by some characteristic or personal condition, skin tone, manner of speaking, weight or height, dress or grooming, social class, place where they live , religious beliefs, sex, age and sexual orientation ".
The survey captures "attitudes, prejudices and opinions towards different groups of the population discriminated against on ethnic, age, sexual orientation", among other factors.
The interviewees were questioned about "the discrimination and inequality faced by the indigenous population, with disabilities, religious diversity, girls and boys, women, the elderly, adolescents and young people".
The main areas where indigenous people and those with some disability perceived to have been discriminated in the last year, are medical services, street or public transport, and in the family.
The state of Guerrero (south) registers greater discrimination towards men (26.8%) with respect to women (23.5%), however, in Mexico City men reported less discrimination (20.6%) with respect to women (26.4%).
People of religious diversity, the elderly, adolescents and youth, and women mainly declared the street or public transport, work or school and family.
19.3% of people with disabilities stated that they make him feel or look uncomfortable.
40.3% of the indigenous population declared that they were discriminated against because of their status as indigenous persons; 58.3% of people with disabilities, because of their disability status and of people of religious diversity, 41.7% indicated that it was because of their religious beliefs.
The percentage of the population that believes that the rights for the different population groups are little or not respected, varies in an important way.
The list is headed by the group of transsexual people with 71.9% and that of homosexual, gay or lesbian people, with 65.5%.
57.1% of the women who were employed in the last year as paid workers of the home declared that their rights are little or no respected in the country; followed by the indigenous population and people with disabilities as a percentage.
The survey was conducted in coordination with the National Council to Prevent Discrimination and in partnership with the National Human Rights Commission, the National Autonomous University of Mexico and the National Council of Science and Technology.
The first national survey on discrimination 2017 of the INEGI has as background two national surveys of another federal agency, made in 2005 and 2010 by the National Council to Prevent Discrimination, public body in charge of the anti-discrimination policy.