Politics 11-12-2018

Peru, a one step to political reforms

The president of Peru, Martín Vizcarra, led the referendum initiative to reform justice and politics.

Peru went to the polls last Sunday to vote on two reforms, justice and politics, whose results were known almost in their entirety yesterday. The initiative, which consisted of four questions for voters to choose "Yes" or "No", had been led by President Martín Vizcarra, who motivated Peruvians to vote in favor of three of these and against the last. The result meant a triumph for the president.

78.05% voted in favor of prohibiting the re-election of parliamentarians; 78.82% said yes to reform the body that appoints the judges; 78.39% agreed to regulate the financing of the parties. Only at one point did the people vote "no", after with 80.53% of the votes they opposed to restore the bicamerality (two chambers) of the Congress, which in this country consists of only one chamber.

When the referendum initiative began Vizcarra had only 27% approval as president and two months later this index reached 67%, explains Hernán Chaparro , head of opinion studies at the Institute of Peruvian Studies (IEP). "It gives him greater legitimacy as an agent, but it is not political peace. It is a political backing for the president and a rejection of the way in which the Congress was behaving. "

And it is that ex-presidents and congressmen - Alan García , Ollanta Humala and Keiko Fujimori , for example - have recently faced corruption scandals, investigations and are even imprisoned. In addition, on the Attorney General of Peru Pedro Chávarry accusations weigh as it would be hindering investigations into a network of corruption in the justice system. "There have been four requirements for the prosecutor to be investigated, but Congress continues to shield him," explains Chaparro.

"The legislature has gained total unpopularity due to the type of policies it has been exercising, including the type of media response that is being given through certain congressmen," says Peruvian political scientist and journalist María Fernanda Castro Rivas.

When asking the expert if Vizcarra could mean a change for Peru, she says that "it's a bit of a distant scenario. However, he is being like a technician, a very successful statesman, despite being the most neoliberal president that Peru has had. "

After the referendum on Sunday, Vizcarra consolidates his legitimacy as president, charge that arrived in March this year after the resignation of Pedro Pablo Kuczynski.

For citizens like Jorge Brousset, a retired Rear Admiral of the Navy , it is difficult to predict whether Vizcarra is shaping up as the country's renewal, but "it has confirmed that they have no ambition to seize power permanently." Then, the president seems to take the country to a period of change.

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