The Spanish Government, through the Spanish Agency for International Cooperation for Development (AECID), has allocated 780,000 euros in 2017 and 2018 to initiatives of the Organization of American States (OAS) and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) to support the democratization in Nicaragua and to try a solution to the crisis that began on April 18.
Of that amount, a total of 100,000 euros went to support the investigation of the violence that occurred in Nicaragua between April 18 and May 30, by a group of experts appointed by the IACHR. The mission of the Group is to identify responsibilities and care for victims, although the judicial mandate remains in the hands of the Nicaraguan authorities.
In addition, another 100,000 euros have been for the Special Follow-up Mechanism for Nicaragua (MESENI), which is an initiative of the IACHR to monitor the situation of violence in the country, to respond to requests for protection (among other members of the Civic Alliance). , provide training, and accompany the Security and Verification Commission.
A contribution of $ 84,000 will be added to this global amount to the project "Monitoring, promotion and protection of economic, social, cultural and environmental rights in Nicaragua, which also depends on the IACHR," sources from AECID have told Europa Press.
On the other hand, the Spanish Government has also supported two OAS projects to strengthen democratic institutions in Nicaragua. The first of these, to which Spain contributed 180,000 euros, included the OAS electoral observation mission in the municipal elections of November 2017. Later, another 400,000 was allocated to a complementary project to implement the main recommendations of that mission.
The Government has emphasized that Spain is the first donor of these programs, in response to parliamentary questions from the PP (José Ignacio Echániz) and UPN (Carlos Salvador). "Spain not only maintains a fluid contact with the OAS, but is also politically and financially supporting its activities in Nicaragua," he says in one of them. It also says that, "in the face of the survival" of the crisis, it studies other measures in support of the instruments of the OAS and the IACHR.
In his answers, the Executive explains his focus on the crisis in Nicaragua, where the repression of the protests against the government of Daniel Ortega has caused the death of more than 300 people. That approach is summarized in "the demand for the end of violence as the need for a political solution and dialogue to the crisis."
MEETING ON JULY 6 IN MADRID
Thus, he says that on July 6, the Secretary of State for International Cooperation and for Ibero-America and the Caribbean received Paul Oquist, Ortega's advisory minister, "with the aim of conveying the concern of Spain and the need to end violence and resume the National Dialogue ".
With that same spirit, the Government makes it clear that it does not plan to call the ambassador in Nicaragua for consultations, because it considers reaching a "dialogue solution", which is the only one that Spain and the international community are contemplating, "requires maintaining communication channels with all parties, including with the Government of Nicaragua. "
He also assured that Spain has worked to reach a consensus on European messages and for the EU to keep the situation of Nicaragua as a priority on its agenda, both at the political and humanitarian levels and that it included a mention at the June session of the Council of Human rights.
On the other hand, from the humanitarian point of view, Spain has granted aid of 60,000 euros to the International Federation of the Red Cross for humanitarian action, especially health care, after the social outbreak.
THE EMBASSY KEEPS OPEN THE CABINET OF CRISIS
As for the situation of Spaniards in the country, in October 2018 there were 2,262 Spaniards residing in Nicaragua and no injured or deceased were registered in the colony. However, the Embassy keeps open the crisis cabinet that began on April 19.
It is about Spaniards with dual nationality or with great family or social roots because, according to the information available to the Embassy, on July 19, the day on which the Sandinista revolution was celebrated, there were hardly any Spanish travelers or tourists.
From that moment, he explains, there has been a restitution of mobility and access to basic services as normal. However, the increase in crime that began with the onset of the crisis has not subsided and continues to affect many Spaniards who, given the climate of public insecurity, are encouraged to leave the country.
Thus, at this moment the attention of the Embassy to Spaniards is focused on continuing to monitor and issue recommendations and, above all, to facilitate consular procedures for those who want to leave the country.