The IMO meeting that takes place this week in London. Advances in the maritime sector and at the same time puts at risk the negotiations of the climate agreement in Paris. The debate developed by the 170 countries of the IMO seek ways to decarbonize international maritime transport. However the discussion has led to other directions.
Currently the maritime sector occupies 2% of the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by 2050 it must generate 20% of global CO2 when putting the cards on the table have presented two variants that can knock down the hypothesis of the committee instead of looking for solutions they could reverse the ones agreed until now.
First is the proposal to cut its CO2 emissions by 50% then there is the very short advance that can put the goals of the Paris Agreement at risk. Although negotiations will continue until this Friday the sector already visualizes what the results could be.
Commitment of the IMO meeting is insufficient
A press release from the Organization indicates the text where the agreement is signed. "Peak GHG emissions [greenhouse gases] from international shipping as soon as possible and reduce total annual GHG emissions by at least 50% by 2050 compared to 2008. While pursuing efforts to eliminate them as required in Vision as a point in a continuous trajectory of reducing CO2 emissions consistent with the temperature targets of the Paris Agreement".
The commitment agreed upon at the IMO meeting is insufficient to meet the goals of the 2015 Paris Agreement. Let us remember that it aims to limit the average global warming of 1.5 ° C in relation to pre-industrial levels. The member states of the European Union Pacific islands and Caribbean nations allied with some Latin American governments are asking that the IMOI establish a 1.5 ° C strategy which would aim at cuts of 70% to 100% by 2050.
Starting the meeting David Paul Minister of the Environment of the island nation Marshall Islands said that his country would leave the negotiations if the agreement. was not strong enough. Another opinion to highlight was that of the Secretary General of the UN, Antonio Guterres.
"Given the growing vulnerability of all nations economies and communities to the impacts of climate change, policy and market signals need to be rapidly aligned, with the need to encourage the maritime industry to make the necessary transition to zero net emissions of gases of greenhouse effect" He called on nations to adopt an ambitious initial strategy in the IMO that supports the modernization of the maritime transport sector in a manner consistent with the ambitions of the Paris Agreement.