World 21-12-2018

UN pressures the US to protect Mexicans sentenced to death

The UN has pressured the United States to allow Mexico to provide consular assistance to Mexicans sentenced to death in the United States.

As reported on Friday by the British agency Reuters , the United Nations (UN) has urged Washington to implement a 2004 international court ruling that authorizes Mexico to provide consular assistance to its citizens so that they can review their cases.

On Thursday, and despite strong diplomatic pressure from the United States, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted a resolution presented by Mexico that requires Washington to allow Mexican authorities to give consular assistance to their citizens. convicted in the United States. 69 countries voted in favor, four voted against and 66 abstained, while 54 opted not to vote.

The approved resolution also calls on the Secretary General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, to use "his good offices" to pressure the implementation of the measure, something that could facilitate its entry into force, since sources cited by Reuters indicate that there is strong resistance in the high levels of Washington to implement this measure (the resolution is not binding).

"In these circumstances, exhausted and all these efforts (...) the Government of Mexico has decided to resort to the General Assembly (...) it is not a bilateral issue because it violates the international rule of law and profoundly impacts the system of the United Nations as a whole, "said on Thursday the ambassador of Mexico to the UN, Juan José Gómez Camacho.

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) of The Hague decided in 2004 that the US He had violated international law by failing to inform 51 Mexicans sentenced to death in the United States who were entitled to consular assistance and ruled that their cases should be reviewed. Since then, six of them have been executed .

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